Prostate disease is a term used to describe any medical problem involving the prostate gland. Not all prostate disease is cancer nor will it necessarily lead to cancer.
Other prostate conditions are:
Every living thing is made up of cells and our body is made up of millions of cells. Each cell has a specific function to perform within the body and after a while they die and are replaced by new cells.
Damage to the genes of the cell is the underlying cause of cancer. This damage can be inherited or caused by other factors. Then, when these damaged cells start behaving abnormally and begin to increase in a disorganised and uncontrolled way, a mass called a tumour results.
Prostate cancer occurs when cells of the prostate start behaving abnormally and start to mass produce.
If the cancer cells are detected early and the cancer is contained within the prostate it is easier to deal with. If not detected early it may spread outside the prostate affecting surrounding tissues.It may eventually spread to nearby soft tissues.
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men after skin cancer. The likelihood of developing prostate cancer is influenced by:
If you do, then your risk of developing prostate cancer is more than 3 times the average lifetime risk. If a man has a first-degree blood relative - father or brother - who has been diagnosed his chances of developing prostate are 3 times greater than normal. If he has two first-degree relatives with prostate cancer his chances increase 4 to 7 times. The risk seems to be greater is prostate cancer is detected in a blood relative at a younger age; before the age of 60 years.
This doesn't matter. Prostate cancer doesn't necessarily cause symptoms until it has reached an advanced state and this could be 20 years or more after it has started to grow.
Less commonly, it can include any of the symptoms associated with other urinary or prostate disorders. Some men may experience persistent pain or aches in the lower back, hips or upper thighs.
Although prostate cancer is usually diagnosed in men in their late 60's and 70's, it often starts to grow when a man is in his 40's or 50's. This means that there is a very good opportunity to detect and deal with it much earlier. (And therefore increase the chances of a cure.)